Climate Change and Global Warming


Delaney Sisney, Staff Writer/Photographer

So what is climate change? The definition of climate change is “a change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular a change apparent from the mid to late twentieth century onward and attributed largely to increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels”. So, basically climate change is the change of climate caused by fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are a natural fuel usually made up of coal and grass that have the remains of living organisms from geological times in them.

 Now, what is climate? Climate is the weather conditions over an extended amount of time. So, lets start over. Climate change is the change of climate caused by fossil fuels. Are Global Warming and Climate Change the same thing? Actually, global warming is a type of climate change. We cause both of these things to occur. We use fossil fuels everyday in all of our machines and vehicles that use gas. Carbon dioxide is produced by fossil fuels. That brings us to the greenhouse effect.

You have probably heard of the greenhouse effect, but you might not fully understand it. The greenhouse effect is when our atmosphere, specifically the troposphere, traps in heat from the suns rays. Global warming is happening because the greenhouse gas emissions that come out of our cars are creating a hole in our ozone layer (the ozone layer is what traps in heat. The process is called the greenhouse effect).  What can happen because of global warming? Signs of global warming are all around us, but we just don’t notice them. Coastal flooding is caused by sea levels rising. Another effect of global warming is melting glaciers, and because of this sea levels are rising about 0.13 inches per year. This can cause issues for the people who live below or slightly above. What can we do to help? Some ways to help global warming are to drive less, plant a tree, recycle and use less hot water.