The Truth About Animal Testing


Rabbit in Research for Animal Testing

Animal testing is the use of animals in scientific studies. A purpose of animal testing is to experiment on animals before products or procedures are used on humans. Experiments on animals can help scientists learn how the human body works. Over the years, this topic has been very controversial.

Tests on animals can benefit humans greatly. Scientists use animals to study the effects of products, medicines, or injections. Through these experiments, scientists can apply their findings to humans. The animals are used to develop and test drugs, surgical techniques, and therapies. Often after a product has been developed, it is tested on animals for safety. Several places around the world require that products are tested before being opened to the public. Some examples of animals used in experiments are mice, rats, birds, monkeys, rabbits, and guinea pigs. Scientists observe the animals under different conditions. If not for animal testing, many of the everyday products we use, such as makeup, cosmetics, and medications, would not even exist.

Testing effects and trauma can vary based on the animal and the experiment. While a test may provide monumental information for humans, it could cause suffering, pain, or even death to the animals. This has sparked debate. Experiments that involve surgery on live animals is called vivisection (Flecknell). A person against these type of experiments could be called an antivivisectionist. Many people are completely against testing and believe animals should remain in their natural state. Still, others argue for stricter laws for laboratorial treatment of animals (Flecknell). Many scientists agree that experimentation is completely necessary. Without it, they argue, we would not have nearly as many medical and scientific advances.

What do you believe? Are animals to be tested on for the good of humans? Or are they to be released from laboratories?


Cited:  Flecknell, Paul. “Animal experimentation.” World Book Student, World Book, 2018, Accessed 6 Dec. 2018.